Agrarian Reform and Agricultural Development

Will you work for genuine agrarian reform anchored on the distribution of land to the tillers? Are you in favour of scrapping schemes such as the stock-distribution option, land use conversion and others that have allowed evasion of land reform and endangered food security?

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7 out of 10 farmers are landless (KMP)

  • There are14 recorded cases of stock distribution option (SDO) nationwide used to avoid distributing land to farmers, such as in Hacienda Luisita in Tarlac province (IBON)
  • In 2006, almost 75% of the poor were in rural areas where poverty incidence is almost three times that in urban areas (World Bank)

The Philippines is the world’s biggest rice importer

  • 2.4 million tons imported in 2008 were the highest recorded worldwide for that or any other year, and may be exceeded by an even higher 2.6-3.2 million in 2010 (USDA, NFA)
  • One out of every five spoons of rice Filipinos consume is imported (19% of total consumption)

——————–

Benigno “Noynoy” Cojuangco Aquino Jr.

Liberal Party

  • Abstained from voting on the pro-landlord CARPer but said on record that he will implement the program if he becomes president.
  • Is in favor of joint-venture schemes in agriculture.
  • Has refrained from declaring a clear position on the Hacienda Luisita controversy but was recently compelled to promise hacienda redistribution to farmers by 2014 (the distribution of the 6,453-hectare property should have been distributed in 1967).

——————–

John Carlos “JC” Gordon Delos Reyes

Ang Kapatiran Party

  • Platform has no clear stand on agrarian reform programs as existing in the country, although proposes to increase agricultural productivity by introducing new technologies and providing support infrastructure towards agricultural development and “a high degree of self-sufficiency”.

——————–

Joseph “Erap” Ejercito Estrada

Partido ng Masang Pilipino

  • As president, declared Eduardo ‘Danding’ Cojuangco as the “godfather of agrarian reform” and supported corporative agrarian reform.
  • Under his term, there was widespread cancellation of farmer beneficiaries’ Certificate of Land Ownership Awards (CLOA) and emancipation patents (EP), reaching at least 1,892 covering 374,266 hectares as of May 2000.

——————–

Richard Juico “Dick” Gordon

Bagumbayan-Volunteers for a New Philippines (B.BAYAN-VNP)

  • As senator, voted for the CARPer.
  • Co-sponsor and author of Senate Bill 3429 (an Act Reforming the Administrative Titling Process)

——————–

Maria Ana Consuelo “Jamby” Madrigal-Valade

Independent

  • Platform says that will work with progressive people’s organizations for genuine agrarian reform, to stop landgrabbing and land conversion to non-food uses, to ensure adequate farmgate prices and farm pay, and to freely distribute to peasant-tiller cooperatives and associations haciendas previously diverted from land reform.
  • As senator, voted for CARPer although said that, in the spirit of social justice, anti-farmer laws and programs (such as the CARP’s stock distribution option allowing big hacienda owners to evade land transfer) should be abolished.

——————–

Nicanor Jesus “Nicky” Pineda Perlas III

Independent

  • Vows to speed up the “proper” implementation of the government’s agrarian reform program on affected private lands and will accelerate the passage of a comprehensive land use plan for the country that can ensure food security.
  • Vows to remove local monopolies and oligopolies that suppress the prices of agricultural products and which extract usurious lending rates from the poor.

——————–

Gilberto Eduardo Gerardo ”Gibo” Cojuangco Teodoro, Jr

Lakas ng Tao-Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino (LAKAS-KAMPI)

  • Believes that government’s role must stop once an agrarian reform program is implemented because “it is no longer reform but rather a sort of government-funded peasantry program.”

——————–

Eduardo “Eddie” Cruz Villanueva

Bangon Pilipinas (BP)

  • Supported calls to pass the CARPer.
  • Vows to give full support to agriculture, saying his primary agenda is to rejuvenate the agricultural economy as the foundation of an economic growth and social justice program.

——————–

Manuel “Manny” Bamba Villar Jr.

Nacionalista Party

  • Did not vote on the CARPer. Vows to review this program, saying that land reform should ensure equitable distribution of land and that effective land distribution and thoroughgoing land reform is important to address landlessness.
  • Known to be a landowner and real estate developer and faces allegations of landgrabbing (such as 12.7 out of 200 hectares of irrigated land in Iloilo City being converted for non-agricultural purposes).
  • Vows to review agricultural trade liberalization and provide support and safety nets to protect local producers while giving them access to the global market.
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