Jobs and Wages

Will you promote job creation and uphold job security by protecting domestic industry? Do you support the demand of workers for an increase in minimum wage?  Will you reverse labor export and labor contractualization policies to protect working people’s rights and promote their welfare?


True unemployment
(NSO data with IBON estimates adjusting for govt’s change in methodology in April 2005)

  • 4.3 million – unemployed in 2009
  • 11.2% – unemployment rate (average, 2001-09)

Poor quality of jobs – out of 35.1 Million “employed” in 2009:

  • 4.2 million “unpaid family workers” (NSO)
  • 12.2 million “own account workers” mainly in informal sector (NSO)
  • 11.7 million “wage and salary workers” but without written contracts (IBON estimate based on NSO data)

12.8 million – Part-time work, equivalent to one out of three jobs (NSO)
2.7 million – Number of working children (5-17 years old) (NSO)

P917 – Family living wage in NCR in 2008 (NWPC)

  • P382 – Nominal NCR minimum wage (non-agriculture) since 2008 (NWPC)
  • P399 – Average daily basic pay received by NCR wage & salary workers (April-09, BLES)
  • P288 – Average daily basic pay received by wage & salary workers in Philippines (April-09, BLES)

Percentage of families earning less than minimum wage in 2006 (BLES)

  • 46% of families with 1-5 household members, 49% of families with 6-10 members, 50% of families with 11 or more members

8.2 million – Stock of overseas Filipinos in 2008
(4.3 million temporary workers and 3.8 million permanent residents,DFA)
1.29 million – OFWs deployed Jan-Nov 2009, or 3,845 per day (POEA)


Benigno “Noynoy” Cojuangco Aquino Jr.

Liberal Party

  • As senator, sponsored the Productivity Incentives Act granting annual incentives to private sector workers and increasing penalties for non-compliance with increases/adjustments in workers’ wages.
  • However, as part owner of Hacienda Luisita, has tolerated unfair labor practice and unjust workers’ wages.


John Carlos “JC” Gordon Delos Reyes

Ang Kapatiran Party

  • Says that he will review the labor code to address the problem of “rampant contractualization”.
  • Will generate jobs by allowing small and medium enterprises, including cooperatives, to thrive. This will be done by removing corruption that hampers businesses, exempting small businesses from taxation, and providing credit.
  • Says that the social costs of the labor export policy are too high and that OFWs should be provided livelihood and business opportunities to draw them back.


Joseph “Erap” Ejercito Estrada

Partido ng Masang Pilipino

  • As president, ignored calls for minimum wage increases saying that granting a wage hike may “scare away investors” and take away the country’s comparative advantage in labor costs.
  • Under his term, labor export and contractualization continued. Major workers’ strikes were violently dispersed (e.g. PAL, LRT, Manila Hotel).


Richard Juico “Dick” Gordon

Bagumbayan-Volunteers for a New Philippines (B.BAYAN-VNP)

  • Vows to create jobs at home through attracting foreign investments, so that Filipinos will not need to work abroad.
  • Believes that tourism is the best way to generate jobs so proposes to develop tourism zones and an entrepreneurial spirit.


Maria Ana Consuelo “Jamby” Madrigal-Valade


  • Believes that a genuine and pro-Filipino industrialization will ensure adequate and decently paying jobs so that Filipinos will no longer be pushed to migrate abroad.
  • Says Filipino labor must be adequately protected and nurtured through living wages, regularization of work tenure, banning of contractualization and agency-hiring, and defense of migrant rights. Platform supports nationwide P125 daily hike in wages across-the-board


Nicanor Jesus “Nicky” Pineda Perlas III


  • Says meaningful employment for the poor will be created by increasing government resources for agriculture and fisheries and prioritizing policies and programs to eradicate poverty.


Gilberto Eduardo Gerardo ”Gibo” Cojuangco Teodoro, Jr

Lakas ng Tao-Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino (LAKAS-KAMPI)

  • Says there is a need for more job-creating opportunities especially in the industry and services sectors.
  • Program for job creation is reliant on attracting foreign investment rather than strengthening domestic industry.


Eduardo “Eddie” Cruz Villanueva

Bangon Pilipinas (BP)

  • Vows to create jobs at home through increased domestic and foreign investments, which will also make overseas unemployment an option rather than a necessity.
  • Supports calls for higher wages and decent living for workers, and is against contractualization.


Manuel “Manny” Bamba Villar Jr.

Nacionalista Party

  • Believes that a reasonable, legislated wage hike is an option alongside the Regional Tripartite Wages and Productivity Boards in addressing demands for wage hikes.
  • Believes that government should provide a stimulus package to immediately address the need of laborers and employees for a just and decent wage.
  • Program for job creation is based on attracting foreign investments into the country.
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